Students will learn about the benefits and historical significance of trench gardens.
Estimated Time45 Minutes
- SS5H8 The student will describe U.S. involvement in World War I and post-World War I America
- a. Explain how German attacks on U.S. shipping during the war in Europe (1914 – 1917) ultimately led the U.S. to join the fight against Germany; include the sinking of the Lusitania and concerns over safety of U.S. ships, U.S. contributions to the war, and the impact of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.5.2 Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.
- Printed or projected copies of Defiant Gardens http://defiantgardens.com/the-book/excerpts/
- Printed or projected copies of Telegraph: How Front Line Forget-Me-Nots Helped Troops Forget the Horrorhttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/history/world-war-one/11110759/How-front-line-forget-me-nots-helped-troops-forget-the-horror.htm
- Read aloud from “Defiant Gardens” the first quote and discuss the meaning with students:“Small pleasure must correct great tragedies,
Therefore of gardens in the midst of war
I boldly tell.”
– Vita Sackville-West, The Garden
- Divide the class into five small groups and assign each group one of the attributes of a garden that is described later in the text: life, home, work, hope, and beauty. Ask students to read the passage about their attribute as a small group and then summarize to the class.
- Provide students with time to read the next section “Trench Gardens: The Western Front in World War” in different small groups. Ask students to pull the main ideas from the text and support them with details to answer the following questions:
- What did trench gardens tell us about the war?
- What did trench gardens tell us about the soldiers and their needs?
- Display or distribute copies of “Telegraph: How Front Line Forget-Me-Nots Helped Troops Forget the Horror” for students to read independently. Ask students to identify additional details that support the main ideas they developed from the previous text.